It seems like everyone is talking about the customer these days, but it hasn’t always been a top priority. Long viewed as a cost centre by many businesses, customer service has been thrust into the spotlight during the pandemic. With so much uncertainty in the air, we are reaching out to businesses for help more than ever before. Meanwhile, customer support agents are finally being recognised as vital facilitators, helping us navigate cancelled flights, delayed shipments and other emotionally-fraught situations. Our CX research at Zendesk suggests that customer experience has become a key competitive differentiator for brands - and even a leading indicator of business growth. As a result, terms like “customer-centricity”, “customer obsession” and “customer intimacy” have become increasingly common throughout organisations, from sales and support teams aill the way up to the C-suite. But this customer-first approach is more of a throwback than a current fad. In fact, it can be traced back to a familiar phrase from the early 20th Century.
A brief history of ‘the customer is always right’
The well-known phrase ‘the customer is always right’ has been attributed to a variety of turn-of-the-century American retail pioneers, including Marshall Field, Harry Gordon Selfridge and John Wanamaker. However, as customer experience futurist Blake Morgan writes in Forbes, the idea has parallels all around the world. For example, Swiss hotelier Cesar Ritz, the founder of Ritz Carlton hotels, was using the slogan "Le client n'a jamais tort" ("The customer is never wrong") as early as the 1890s. While critics of this customer service philosophy contend that it risks enabling rude or entitled customers, it was never meant to be taken at face value. The point wasn’t that customers should always get their way, no matter how outrageous their demands. On the contrary, it was to give employees permission to genuinely listen to their customers. As the Forbes piece points out, this idea was considered revolutionary at a time when consumer protections were limited and 'caveat emptor' ('buyer beware') was the prevailing philosophy.
Which customer are you referring to?
While the general sentiment is still as relevant as ever, what the phrase ‘the customer is always right’ overlooks is that customer service leaders often have more than one customer to serve. First, there's the customer we all think of - the person who purchases and uses our products and services. Now more than ever, everything we do as business leaders - from virtual events to product updates to Black Friday campaigns - has to serve a real customer need. Our next customer is the businesses we represent. We like to say that Zendesk is Zendesk’s first and most loyal customer. Because our Advocacy team uses Zendesk’s customer service solution to serve and engage with our customers, every interaction is an opportunity not to simply solve our customer’s problems but to give them such an amazing experience that they want to use the same tools to serve their own customers. Last but not least, your employees are your customers as well. Some critics of the idea that ‘the customer is always right’ contend that it amounts to putting customers above employees or the business itself, but there doesn’t have to be a trade off here. If you treat your employees as well as your customers, and empower them with the technology, processes and creative enablement to deliver truly frictionless experiences, your customers will become advocates for your business.
Everything old is new again
So what does ‘the customer is always right’ actually mean in a digital-first world? It’s still not about doing whatever the customer asks, but going the extra mile to understand their underlying points of friction. Let’s run through a hypothetical example. Imagine a customer reaches out and says their web chat or bot is broken. A quick glance at their account and it’s clear that there’s a problem with the implementation. One approach is to tell the customer they’re wrong - the product is working fine, they just didn’t set it up properly. But why? Maybe our documentation could be clearer. Maybe our onboarding emails or in-product messaging could be improved. Assuming the customer is right is about assuming responsibility for our own customer experience. While every business is different, here are some guiding principles to ensure that you’re leading with a customer-first mindset:
Be where your customers are
In the digital customer service age, customers expect to be able to reach you on the channels most convenient for them. That still includes phone and email, but it increasingly means being available on the messaging apps customers already use with friends and family, and via live chat and messaging on your own websites and mobile apps. At Zendesk, we’ve seen a massive uptick in customer support tickets on social messaging channels since the start of the pandemic, with a 101% surge on WhatsApp alone, according to our latest data. Your customers are already getting the message about messaging. It’s time to join the conversation.
Know who your customer is
As businesses adopt new channels for customer engagement, they will need to maintain a unified view of the customer. Imagine a long-time, loyal customer walking into the Ritz Carlton or Selfridge’s back in the day, giving their name to the person behind the desk and being treated like this was their first time walking through the door. In an age where customer loyalty is more important than ever, businesses can’t afford to sacrifice personalisation for scale. This, of course, is where data comes in. According to the Zendesk Customer Experience Trends Report, 71% of customers expect companies to collaborate and share data internally so they don’t have to repeat themselves. Leaders need visibility into customer data across channels to both serve individual customers with relevant information and to quickly address emerging trends and challenges across their entire customer base - and their business as a whole. This way, when a CX leader sees their customer service team falling behind on ticket resolution, for example, they can promptly test potential solutions and implement the one that makes the most impactful change for agents and customers.
Deliver rich conversational experiences
When businesses are available on their customers’ preferred channels and deliver a seamless experience across them, true personalisation becomes possible. But it’s also just about being personal. A good conversation, whether it's with friends, family, colleagues or businesses, flows seamlessly across channels and devices. With the right tools, your employees - remember they’re customers too! - should be able to deliver true conversational experiences across all your customer touchpoints. When both sides know each other the experience becomes more engaging, more natural and ultimately, more successful.
Doing it right
More than a century has passed since ‘the customer is always right’ became a rallying cry for customer empathy and respect. While the world may have changed and technology along with it, our goal as customer experience leaders remains the same: doing it right by the customer.